Bullying Awareness Campaign
The AAPA is participating in the WHIAAPI Bullying Prevention Awareness Campaign. WHIAAPI (White House Initiative on Asian American and Pacific Islanders) has formed the AAPI Bullying Prevention Task Force and are seeking national partners to partner with their initiative. You can find out more about the WHIAAPI work here: http://sites.ed.gov/aapi/aapi-bullying/
AAPA is an official supporter of the WHIAPPI’s Bullying Prevention Awareness Campaign that is set to launch in mid-October. WHIAPPI has also lined up major support from Twitter, YMCA of USA, the Center for Asian American Media, and Brown Girl magazine.
List of AAPA resources:
Guidelines On Bullying and Victimization For AAPI K-12 Students to School Professionals And Parents
AAPA members Dr. Sumie Okazaki, Ulash Thakore-Dunlap LMFT, Dr. Cixin Wang, and Dr. Munyi Shea received the American Psychological Association (APA) PILC award to work on creating and disseminating a resource based on guidelines on bullying and victimization among Asian American and Pacific Islanders (AAPI) K-12 students to school professionals and parents. AAPA aims to address the lack of knowledge and resources on AAPI students experiencing bullying in the community by creating a practical resource for teachers and parents on AAPI bullying and to disseminate the materials online in ways that are accessible by school administrators, academic counselors, school-based mental health professionals, teachers, and to parents. The guidelines have been created in 4 languages (Chinese, English, Korean, and Vietnamese) to distribute through conferences and workshops. We plan to also disseminate the guidelines electronically by sharing the products and materials with the APA Safe and Supportive Schools Program as well as other social media tools and websites, making it accessible to all.
Please feel free to download and share the below links as a resource for your community:
References for manucsripts on Asian American discrimination:
Alvarez, A. N., Juang, L., & Liang, C. T. H. (2006). Asian Americans and racism: When bad things happen to “model minorities.”. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 12(3), 477-492.
Alvarez, A. & Juang, L. (2010). Filipino Americans and racism: A multiple mediation model of coping. Journal of Counseling Psychology 57, 167-178.
Benner, A. D. & Kim, S. Y. (2009). Experiences of discrimination among Chinese American adolescents and the consequences for socioemotional and academic development. Developmental Psychology, 45(6), 1682-1694.
Benner, A. D. & Kim, S. Y. (2009). Intergenerational experiences of discrimination in Chinese American families: Influences of socialization and stress. Journal of Marriage & the Family, 71, 862-877.
Cooc, N. & Gee, K. (2014). National trends in school victimization among Asian American adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 37, 839-749.
Gee, G.C., Spencer, M., Chen, J., Yip, T., Takeuchi, D.T., (2007). The association between self-reported racial discrimination and 12-month DSM-IV mental disorders among Asian Americans nationwide. Social Science Medicine, 64, 1984-1996.
Gee, G.C., Delva, J. & Takeuchi, D. T. (2006) Relationships between self -reported unfair treatment and prescription medication use, illicit drug use, and alcohol dependence among Filipino Americans. American Journal of Public Health, 96, 1-8.
Gee, G. C., Spencer, M. S., Chen, J., Takeuchi, D. (2007). A nationwide study of discrimination and chronic health conditions among Asian Americans. American Journal of Public Health, 97(7), 1275-1282.
Goto, S., Gee, G., & Takeuchi, D. (2002). Strangers still? The experience of discrimination among Chinese Americans. Journal of Community Psychology, 30(2), 211-224.
Greene, M. L., Way, N., & Pahl, K. (2006). Trajectories of perceived adult and peer discrimination among Black, Latino, and Asian American adolescents: Patterns and psychological correlates. Developmental Psychology, 42(2), 218-238.
Grossman, J. M., & Liang, B. (2008). Discrimination distress among Chinese American adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 37(1), 1-11.
Juang, L. P., & Alvarez, A. A. (2010). Discrimination and adjustment among Chinese American adolescents: Family conflict and family cohesion as vulnerability and protective factors. American Journal of Public Health, 100(12), 2403-2409.
Juang, L. P., Alvarez, A.N. (2011). Family, school, and neighborhood: Links to Chinese American adolescent perceptions of racial/ethnic discrimination. Asian American Journal of Psychology. 2011, 1-12.
Juang, L. P. & Cookston, J. (2009) Acculturation, discrimination, and depressive symptoms among Chinese American adolescents: A longitudinal study. Journal of Primary Prevention, 30, 475-496
Kuo, W. H. (1995). Coping with racial discrimination: The case of Asian Americans. Ethnic Racial Studies, 18, 109-127.
Lam, B. T. (2007). Impact of perceived racial discrimination and collective self-esteem on psychological distress among Vietnamese-American college students: Sense of coherence as mediator. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 77(3), 370-376.
Lee, R. M. (2005). Resilience against discrimination: Ethnic identity and other-group orientation as protective factors for Korean Americans. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52(1), 36-44.
Liang, B., Grossman, J.M., & Deguchi, M. (2007). Chinese American middle school youths’ experiences of discrimination and stereotyping. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 4, 187-205.
Hughes, D., Rivas, D., Foust, M., Hagelskamp, C., Gersick, S., & Way, N. (2008). How to catch a moonbeam: A mixed-methods approach to understanding ethnic socialization processes in ethnically diverse families. In S. M. Quintana & C. McKown (Eds.), Handbook of race, racism, and the developing child. (pp. 226-277). Hoboken, NJ US: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Hughes, D., Rodriguez, J., Smith, E. P., Johnson, D. J., Stevenson, H. C., & Spicer, P. (2006). Parents’ ethnic-racial socialization practices: A review of research and directions for future study. Developmental Psychology, 42(5), 747-770.
Huynh, V. W., & Fuligni, A. J. (2010). Discrimination hurts: The academic, psychological, and physical well-being of adolescents. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 20(4), 916-941.
Hwang, W.-C., & Goto, S. (2008). The impact of perceived racial discrimination on the mental health of Asian American and Latino college students. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 14(4), 326-335.
Lam, B.T. (2007). Impact of perceived racial discrimination and collective self-esteem on psychological distress among Vietnamese-American college students: Sense of coherence as mediator. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 77, 370-376.
Liang, B., Grossman, J.M., & Deguchi, M. (2007). Chinese American middle school youths’
experiences of discrimination and stereotyping. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 4, 187-205.
Liu, L. L., & Lau, A. S. (2013). Teaching about race/ethnicity and racism matters: An examination of how perceived ethnic racial socialization processes are associated with depression symptoms. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 19(4), 383-394.
Niwa, E., Way, N., Qin, D., & Okazaki, S. (2010). Hostile hallways: Asian American adolescents’ experiences of peer discrimination in school. In F. Leong, L. Juang, D. Qin, & H. Fitzgerald, (Eds.) (2011), Asian American Child Psychology and Mental Health, Vol 1: Development and Context, Vol 2: Prevention and Treatment. Child Psychology and Mental Health: Cultural and Racial Perspectives, H. E. Fitzgerald (Ed.): Westport, CT: Praeger Press.
Niwa, E., Way, N. & Hughes, D. (2014). Trajectories of ethnic-racial discrimination among ethnically diverse early adolescents: Associations with psychological and social adjustment. Child Development, 85, 2339 – 2354.
Noh, S., & Kasper, V. (2003). Perceived discrimination and depression: Moderating effects of coping, acculturation, and ethnic support. American Journal of Public Health, 93, 232-238.
Rivas-Drake, D., Hughes, D., & Way, N. (2008). A closer look at peer discrimination, ethnic identity, and psychological well-being among urban Chinese American sixth graders. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 37(1), 12-21.
Rivas-Drake, D., Hughes, D., & Way, N. (2009). A preliminary analysis of associations among ethnic racial socialization, ethnic discrimination, and ethnic identity among urban sixth graders. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 19(3), 558-584.
Sue, D.W., Capodilupo, C.M., Torino, G.C., et al. (2007). Racial microaggressions in everyday life: Implications for clinical practice. American Psychologist, 62, 271-286.
Tran, A.G.T.T., Lee, R.M., & Burgess, D.J. (2010) Perceived discrimination and substance use in Hispanic/Latino, African-born Black, and Southeast Asian immigrants. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 16, 226-236.
Ying, Y.-W., Lee, P. A., & Tsai, J. L. (2000). Cultural orientation and racial discrimination: Predictors of coherence in Chinese American young adults. Journal of Community Psychology, 28(4), 427-442.
Yip, T., Gee, G. C., & Takeuchi, D. T. (2008). Racial discrimination and psychological distress: The impact of ethnic identity and age among immigrant and United States-born Asian adults. Developmental Psychology, 44(3), 787-800.
Yoo, H. C., & Lee, R. M. (2008). Does ethnic identity buffer or exacerbate the effects of frequent racial discrimination on situational well-being of Asian Americans? Journal of Counseling Psychology, 55(1), 63-74.
Niwa, E.Y., Way, N., Qin, D.B., & Okazaki, S. (2011). Hostile hallways: How the model minority myth shapes peer discrimination and the well-being of Asian Americans in school. In F. Leong, L. Juang, D.B. Qin, & H.E. Fitzgerald (Eds.) Asian American and Pacific Islander Children and Mental Health, Vol. 1: Development and Context (pp. 193-218). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=qxJwoySSHy0C&oi=fnd&pg=PA193&ots=88Rge3U7F2&sig=HJ7dt49OtFgWpOw_qMUTzITqZBg
Iwamoto, D. K., & Liu, W. M. (2010). The impact of racial identity, ethnic identity, asian values and race-related stress on Asian Americans and Asian international college students’ psychological well-being (PDF, 387KB). Journal of counseling psychology, 57(1), 79. doi:10.1037/a0017393.
Ong, A. D., Burrow, A. L., Fuller-Rowell, T. E., Ja, N. M., & Wing Sue, D. (2013, February 18). Racial Microaggressions and Daily Well-Being Among Asian Americans (PDF, 151KB). Journal of Counseling Psychology®. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/a0031736.
Sue, D. W., Capodilupo, C. M., Torino, G. C., Bucceri, J. M., Holder, A. M., Nadal, K. L., & Esquilin, M. (2007). Racial microaggressions in everyday life (PDF, 800KB). American Psychologist®, 62(4), 271-286.
Wei, Meifen, et al.( 2010) Racial Discrimination Stress, Coping, and Depressive Symptoms Among Asian Americans (PDF, 124KB). Asian American journal of psychology 1.2 (2010): 136-150.
Maffini, C. S., Wong, Y. J., & Shin, M. (2011). The potential impact of violent victimization on somatic symp-toms among Asian American adolescents: A national longitudinal study. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 2, 157-167.
Peguero & WIlliams (2011) Racial and ethnic stereotypes and bullying victimization. Youth & Society.
Shin, D’Antonio, Son, Kim, & Park (2011) Bullying and discrimination experiences among Korean American adolescents. J of Adolescence, 34, 873-883.
Rosenbloom, S. R., & Way, N. (2004). Experiences of discrimination among African American, Asian Ameri-can, and Latino adolescents in an urban high school. Youth & Society, 35, 420-451.
List of website resources:
- Commissioner Spotlight: Hines Ward’s Story: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UZWitur6AeI
- About the initiative: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCBDnqUbZI2JstkwiTqqJguA
- Asian Americans Face Higher Rates of Bullying in School? – Angry Asian America Ep. 5: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iRRabWza4Rg
- Anti-bullying sikh google hangout: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_AJThQvQX9A
- Council of Asian-Islamic Relations: https://ca.cair.com/sfba/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Kids-Know-Your-Rights-Pocket-Guide.pdf
- ING: http://www.ing.org/anti-bullying/
- PACER National Bullying Prevention: http://www.pacer.org/bullying/resources/sites-for-kids-and-teens.asp
- Stopbullying.gov: http://www.stopbullying.gov/what-you-can-do/index.html
AAPA personal stories: